1One dead fly can spoil the scent-maker's oil: a grain of stupidity outweighs wisdom and glory. 2The sage's heart leads him aright, the fool's leads him astray. 3A fool walks down the road, he has no wit -- and everyone remarks, 'How silly he is!' 4If the anger of the ruler rises against you, do not leave your post; composure mitigates grave offences. 5One evil I observe under the sun: the sort of misjudgement to which rulers are prone- 6fol y promoted to the top and the rich taking the lowest place. 7I see slaves riding on horses and princes on foot like slaves. 8He who digs a pit fal s into it, he who undermines a wal gets bitten by a snake, 9he who quarries stones gets hurt by them, he who chops wood takes a risk from it. 10If, for want of sharpening, the blade is blunt, you have to work twice as hard; but it is the outcome that makes wisdom rewarding. 11If, for want of charming, the snake bites, the snake-charmer gets nothing out of it. 12The sayings of a sage give pleasure, what a fool says procures his own ruin: 13his words have their origin in stupidity and their ending in treacherous fol y. 14A fool talks a great deal, but none of us in fact can tel the future; what wil happen after us, who cantel ? 15A fool finds hard work very tiring, he cannot even find his own way into town. 16Woe to you, country with a lad for king, and where princes start feasting in the morning! 17Happy the land whose king is nobly born, where princes eat at a respectable hour to keepthemselves strong and not merely to revel! 18Thanks to idleness, the roof-tree gives way, thanks to carelessness, the house lets in the rain. 19We give parties to enjoy ourselves, wine makes us cheerful and money has an answer for everything. 20Do not abuse the king, even in thought, do not abuse a rich man, even in your bedroom, for a bird ofthe air might carry the news, a winged messenger might repeat what you have said.